OTHER TOPICS -----> Intro/Maps Atmosphere Climate / Hydrosphere
Biosphere / Soils Tectonics Specific Environments

ATMOSPHERE CHAPTERS -----> Atmosphere Temp/Energy Pressure/Wind Moisture Storms

Energy and Temperature

I. SOLAR ENERGY

A. Electromagnetic Spectrum

  1. wavelength
  2. speed of light = 186,000 miles/second
  3. visible energy
  4. longwave energy
    • infrared; radio; TV; microwave
  5. shortwave energy
    • ultraviolet, xrays, gamma, cosmic rays
B. Insolation and the Solar Constant

II. ATMOSPHERIC HEATING AND COOLING PROCESSES

A. Heat Transfer (in the atmosphere)

  1. radiation / absorption
  2. conduction
  3. convection (photo) and advection
  4. transmission, reflection, and scattering
B. Adiabatic Heating and Cooling (diagram) (results)

C. Heat (energy) vs. Temperature ( °F, °C, or °K ?)

D. Specific Heat, Latent Heat and Albedo

III. ENERGY/HEAT CONTROLS

A. Incoming Solar Energy

  1. angle of incidence (varies w/ latitude)
  2. length of day
  3. land/water relationship
  4. clear vs. cloudy skies at night
B. Global Heat Transfer Mechanisms ... or storms (even hurricanes)

IV. GLOBAL TEMPERATURE PATTERN(S)

A. Isolines -- Isotherms (5° interval... smoothed)

  1. more detail (... fine scale)
  2. animation (5° w/strong contrast coloring)
B. Hottest? Coldest?

C. Temperature Ranges (annual vs. diurnal)

  1. Hilo, HI (no variation)
  2. Harbin, China (more extreme)
  3. Phoenix
D. Urban Heat Islandvertical - roof tops (green)

 


ATMOSPHERE CHAPTERS -----> Atmosphere Temp/Energy Pressure/Wind Moisture Storms